Rapid urbanization in particular is providing new opportunities for economic growth and development to wider populations, but at the same time, is putting more people in harm’s way given that most cities are located in coastal regions prone to climate risks and increasing the risk for those people that are already vulnerable living in these developing communities. In addition, the unplanned growth of urban centers is managed in ways that leaves the inhabitants vulnerable to both climate risks and other types of natural hazards. Urbanization offers significant opportunities to change risk patterns in a positive manner, but only if safety and resilience are put at the center of development focus. Therefore, strengthening resilience and preparedness should be the first line of defense for the vulnerable in many risk-prone countries.
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