A person, household or community, region or nation is food secure when all members have physical and economic access at all times to buy, produce, obtain or consume sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for a healthy and active life.
Food insecurity can be one of the primary stressors or causes of vulnerability leading to disaster risk. Environmental factors like disease, climate change, environmental degradation, conflict and social factors like overcrowding and debt can have a significant adverse impact on livelihoods which under the wrong conditions can restricting people's ability to access sufficient food. Coping strategies used in such situation can often further contribute to the erosion of livelihoods. [IFRC]
How do I prepare?
Small-holder farmers, especially in disaster-prone areas, are at particular risk. Climate change can affect livelihoods and sustainability of vulnerable households which are largely self-sufficient.
Value-chain analysis is important to incorporate private sector participation in issues around climate change. Private sector entities or industries reliant on inputs from the agriculture-based sector will benefit from investments in resiliency of their suppliers/markets.
Community-based organizations working in the rural sector can tailor programming to agricultural communities, applying best practices from both climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation models.
- How do people make their living?
- How do people meet their food needs?
- What resources do they have?
- Who accesses these resources over time?
- How does a normal situation compare to the crisis situation?
- Who appears to be most food insecure?
- Who is most at risk of becoming food insecure?
- Are people receiving assistance?
- Can people manage without assistance from the National Society?
- If not, how can the National Society support coping strategies?
Local and National Government
For economies largely dependent on agricultural production, policymaking around climate change mitigation and adaptation will be top of the list. Lessons learned from regional neighbors will be especially relevant to inform policies and programming.
What do I need to know?
- food availability,
- food access, and
- food utilization.
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