The aim of this paper is to provide a review of current literature as a foundation for informing practice and policy of humanitarian actors. Given the emerging nature of this topic, there is also a focus on identifying gaps in documentation and sector knowledge for further research.
The research questions this paper seeks to address are:
1. What are area-based approaches to urban humanitarian crises?
2. Why are area-based approaches being adopted?
3. What are the positive and negative consequences of adopting area-based approaches?
4. How can area-based approaches be improved?