Gender, Agriculture and Water Insecurity

This paper explains how and why improved water management on the farm matters for women and girls, and what can be done to better support opportunities for them, as well as for men and boys, in the face of climate change. It consolidates existing academic and policy research around climate resilience, water security, and gender, and presents new evidence from Malawi and Ethiopia. Further, it analyses how men and women in rural areas are differently affected by, and adopt different coping strategies to, climate variability and shocks, and offers recommendations to redress the balance.

According to the report, women are disproportionately negatively affected by water insecurity associated with climate variability. The authors identify three areas where gender-focused programming needs to address the unique vulnerabilities of women to water security:
i) women are often at the pinch point of water-related tasks in the home and on the farm, with pressure intensifying around seasonal periods of scarcity in many developing countries;
ii) compared to men, women may have less access to or control of assets that can be used to buffer against the effects of rainfall variability; iii) women often have fewer opportunities to pursue off-farm work or migrate to urban areas as a temporary coping strategy for seasonal food and income shortages, or for shortages caused by droughts and floods.

Overseas Development Institute (ODI), 2016

Online Report
http://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/women_and_water_report_web.pdf

Are you sure you want to delete this "resource"?
This item will be deleted immediately. You cannot undo this action.
File Name File Size Download
gender_agriculture_and_water_insecurity.pdf 6 MB

Related Resources

Case Study
14 Oct 2013
A ground-breaking Red Cross Red Crescent project, supported by The Rockefeller Foundation, to build operational knowledge on health risks that are changing with climate is nearing completion. The project links four Red Cross National Societies at fie...
Tags: Case Study, Climate Change Adaptation, Communicable Disease
Case Study
07 May 2014
This case study recounts the experience of the Rwandan Red Cross with the vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA) tool. The aim of this study is to describe the approach adopted by the Rwandan Red Cross and to share the lessons it learned from th...
Tags: Case Study
Case Study
08 May 2014
For the Rwandan Red Cross (RRC), the starting point for support was severe food insecurity experienced in Bugesara and Umutara provinces in 1999. Subsequently, the RRC launched a national-level vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA) to identify ...
Tags: Case Study, Food Security