Humanitarian response to urban crises: a review of area-based approaches

In recent years there has been increasing interest in area-based approaches among humanitarian actors responding to urban crises. Through analysis of case studies, as well as available policy literature, this paper proposes that, in an urban context, area-based approaches have three defining characteristics: they are geographically targeted, and adopt a multi-sectoral, participatory approach.

Area-based approaches are neither ‘good’ nor ‘bad’; their positive and negative effects depending entirely on the context in which they are conceived, their programme design, the manner of their delivery and the appropriateness of adopting such a strategy. Further research is required to better understand the implications of wide-scale adoption of area-based approaches by the humanitarian community.

IIED DFID Urban Crises Learning Fund, July 2015

Are you sure you want to delete this "resource"?
This item will be deleted immediately. You cannot undo this action.

Related Resources

Report
13 Mar 2014
In the context of the Nepal Red Cross and British Red Cross Earthquake Preparedness for Safer Communities programme (EPS) in Kathmandu, this study focuses on identifying key learning points on community engagement and local  and national action i...
Tags: Report, Earthquake, Urban Risk Reduction
Report
25 Jan 2018
The European Commission’s Directorate General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (DG ECHO) has taken stock of its funded interventions to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of its humanitarian response in urban ...
Tags: Report, Urban Risk Reduction
Assessment or evaluation
26 Feb 2014
New British Red Cross and Nepal Red Cross report, Urban Preparedness: Lessons from the Kathmandu Valley, which has been developed in partnership with Groupe URD as part of International’s Urban Learning Project.  Out of 21 cities worldwide tha...
Tags: Assessment or evaluation, Earthquake, Urban Risk Reduction