Participatory Approach for Safe Shelter Awareness

Participatory Approach for Safe Shelter Awareness (PASSA) is a participatory method of disaster risk reduction (DRR) related to shelter safety. It is a variation of Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST), which has been used by many Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies in water and sanitation programmes since the late 1990s.

The aim of PASSA is to develop local capacity to reduce shelter related risk by raising awareness and developing skills in joint analysis, learning and decision-making at community level.

PASSA is a process, facilitated by volunteers, that guides community groups (called PASSA groups in this manual) through eight participatory activities which enable the participants to do the following progressively:

  • Develop their awareness of shelter safety issues in their community
  • Identify hazards and vulnerabilities that create risk related to shelter
  • Recognize and analyse causes of shelter vulnerability
  • Identify and prioritize potential strategies to improve shelter safety
  • Make a plan to put those shelter safety strategies into place, based on local capacities
  • Monitor and evaluate progress.
© International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Geneva, 2011
Are you sure you want to delete this "resource"?
This item will be deleted immediately. You cannot undo this action.
File Name File Size Download
305400-passa_manual-en-lr.pdf 1 MB

Related Resources

Guidance material
15 May 2020
IFRC Guidance for Middle East and North Africa National Societies: Including migrants and displaced people in preparedness and response activities during COVID-19 Includes: Key Recommendations Background: Migration & Displacement in Middle East a...
Tags: Guidance material, COVID-19 (Coronavirus)
Guidance material
02 Feb 2016
Guidance on how to create and edit test in Universal app program 
Tags: Guidance material
Guidance material
13 Nov 2013
This guide is designed to help National Societies to plan and develop public awareness and public education efforts for disaster risk reduction. It supports two key IFRC documents – Strategy 2020 and A Framework for Community Safety and Resilience ...
Tags: Guidance material, Public Awareness and Public Education